The Lok Sabha election is around the corner and once again the season of debates is upon us. From issues that touch our everyday lives to unnecessary political wrath- everything is on the headlines! And, amidst all the hullabaloo, there is one serious concern that manages to become a part of the agenda, but somehow doesn’t find a way beyond that. Yes, the crucial topic of our discussion that goes unnoticed by the administration and people of our country alike – our impending water crisis.
In most cities, state governments have created pipeline projects to ensure every house is connected to water supply; in areas, where it isn’t possible, there are water tankers that sell water to residents.
This, however, is the state of affairs in the cities, where people have access to the water supply of water (more or less on a regular basis). But the reality is far from what meets the eyes when it comes to smaller towns and villages. 600 million people face water crisis every year, and as per the Niti Aayog Report that monitors 24 of the 29 states, the situation is only going to worsen in years to come.
Here are some hard-hitting facts that will put reality in perspective and force you to think about how you use water.
Exploitative Groundwater Usage in major cities –
Around 22 cities in India are slowly moving towards zero groundwater level. Places like Gurgaon have nearly exhausted their resources and is surviving on private water tankers by grey market players. The prediction is similar for cities such as Bengaluru, the projection is that the city will run out of groundwater by 2025 due to overpopulation and haphazard construction.
Industrialization and Water Pollution –
Due to high levels of pollution, only about 20% of water is safe for drinking, according to a government report. Probably, one of the primary reasons India has been ranked 120 of 122 in global water quality index. A report from the Pollution Control Board affirms that the release of toxic chemicals from industries has led to severe contamination across all major rivers in the country.
Climate Change –
One of the most obvious reasons we are losing out on sustainable natural water resources. Cutting down trees, deforestation and lack of responsible environmental management have impacted the climate adversely. Unpredictable weather conditions affect the availability and distribution of rainfall, river flows, and groundwater, thereby, further deteriorating water quality.
Lack of Proper Infrastructure –
Villages across several states currently lack any water pipelines; as a result, people are forced to use contaminated water for drinking, cooking and other household chores. Indian women primarily bear the brunt of such infrastructure shortage as they have to travel long distances to fetch water balancing heavy pitchers on their head and juggling between household tasks.
The GDP effect –
Unknown to many, water affects the economy of a country more seriously than you can think. Lack of water leads to major agricultural setbacks, which adversely impacts the economy and hence, the GDP. According to NITI Aayog, GDP loss in India could touch up to 6% by the year 2050, if we choose to ignore the alarming signs.
Working towards a sustainable solution –
RiteWater is providing a solution to the water crisis in Rural and Urban India through its multiple public-private partnerships, community initiatives, and purification technologies. Until now over 1,500 community water treatment plants have been installed across cities and villages facing water scarcity that purify 250,00,00 liters of water every day.
To know more about how Rite water’s water conservation and quality improvement initiatives log on to http://www.ritewater.in/rural-solutions/